Phonetic SymbolsThe Macron (ī) is a diacritic mark placed above a vowel to mark it long.The Breve (ĭ) is a diacritic mark placed above a vowel to mark it short.The Schwa (ǝ) is used to indicate an unstressed or fully reduced vowel sound.The diacritic mark (ä) placed over an 'a' changes the ă sound to the ŏ sound.


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short vowels.png
short a

short a


short e

short e


short i

short i


short o

short o


short u

short u



Long Vowels.png
long a

long a


long e

long e


long i

long i


long o

long o


long u

long u



irregular vowel sounds.png
ä

ä


short ow

short ow


oy/oi

oy/oi


long oo



short oo

o͝o